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Skin Care Guide

How to prevent dark circles under your eyes. What causes them(Updated 2024)

girls showing dark circles around the eye

Dark circles are the dark spots under your eyes. Most of the time, they aren’t indicators of a deeper underlying problem. But cosmetically, you look terrible and are often associated with a lack of proper sleep and ill health. In this article, we will talk about their causes, some ways to prevent them from happening, and what to do if they have already appeared.


Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is known as dark circles under your eyes. They differ from your natural skin color and range from brown to dark color pigmentation, sometimes, they can extend to other regions of your face like the nose and temples, but that is usually not the case. This condition can affect both genders, but women are usually greater in numbers. Dark circles under your eyes can happen due to daily stresses of your day or when you lack proper rest. Here are some causes; knowing them can help you prevent them.

Lack of Sleep

When we lack proper sleep, our body doesn’t have enough time to repair the usual wear and tear throughout the day. If this happens more frequently, like during a season of depression or pressure due to work, you can get dark circles under your eyes that will remain until your body heals and repairs.


Even if you are doing everything right but not drinking the water required for your body, you can get dark circles under your eyes. Lack of proper hydration in your body results in many issues that lead to proper nutrients not reaching your body. It also causes inflammation that leads to bags under your eyes and dark circles, not to mention.

Too Much Sun Exposure

Exposure to the sun has a lot of benefits, but too much exposure can lead to an increase in the creation of melanin to decrease sun damage and can also cause dehydration. The skin under and around your eyes is sensitive compared to other parts of your body and takes more damage due to thin skin blood vessels, which can also give your eyes a darker look.


Genetics has some role in deciding whether you will have dark circles under your eyes. We cannot change our genetics, but there are other measures you can take to avoid dark circles under your eyes. Some time and energy should be dedicated to knowing about all the conditions you are susceptible to due to your genetics, then planning and taking the required action to prevent them down the road.

Lifestyle Choices

Whatever you do in a day can give you dark circles. Some lifestyle choices can cause dark circles under your eyes.

Excessive Drinking

Drinking too much alcohol causes dehydration and puts your liver under pressure; the liver cleans your body of everything you don’t need. When the liver is busy processing too much alcohol, your skin gets darker, and you get dark circles under your eyes. Make sure your intake remains within the recommended limits for your body weight.


man has stress that effect mental health and dark circle under eye

Stress can also give you dark circles, as it disturbs the natural processes that your body goes through. It causes your body to release too much cortisol, which leads to more adrenaline in your bloodstream. These stress hormones make you feel like you are full and hydrated when you are not, which leads to an improper diet and also makes you feel like you don’t need sleep even if you haven’t slept and probably should have some sleep.


Nicotine has harmful effects, but it’s not the nicotine that does the most damage but other harmful ingredients when combusted with plant matter. It results in many carcinogens and stuff that your liver needs to process, like alcohol. Nicotine can increase your heart rate and mess with your blood glucose, making you tired and sleepy. Plus, nicotine poisoning is something that you should know and learn about.

Medical Conditions that cause dark circles

Certain medical conditions can cause dark circles under your eyes. If you have a particular condition doesn’t mean that you will get dark circles under your eyes, and if you consult your doctor about it, they can recommend something that can help you avoid dark circles under your eyes. In most cases, dark circles under your eyes are temporary and don’t indicate a deeper medical condition.

Iron Deficiency

Every red blood cell contains hemoglobin that gives your blood its color and is responsible for making your red blood cells absorb oxygen when there isn’t enough oxygen. Your blood cannot supply oxygen adequately to your skin, leading to dark circles under your eyes.


If you have anemia, it can also cause dark circles under your eyes. That statement is only partially correct for people with anemia. The skin under your eye might get discoloration, which can be light or dark. Due to low hemoglobin, there is a lack of enough oxygen that reaches your skin leading to dark circles under your eyes.

Periorbital Edema

The eyelid region has spongy properties that sometimes lead to fluid accumulation. Its condition is usually worse in the morning or after a salty meal. The periorbital edema can sometimes cause periorbital hyperpigmentation or dark circles under your eyes. All of this doesn’t imply that if you have or are susceptible to periorbital edema, you will surely get dark circles under your eyes.


As it is said, “Prevention is better than cure”, can be said also about the dark circles under your eyes. But sometimes, life gets in the way, or we are in circumstances requiring a period of stress and hardship. If we care for our health, dark circles do not appear unless we lack a specific mineral or vitamin. In that case, the circles disappear as soon as we start taking the supplement. If we have already gotten dark circles under our eyes, we can also take steps to eliminate them. Here are mentioned some ways to take care of them.

Prevention before they happen

If you have noticed dark circles under someone else eyes or there are very dim circles under your eyes, you can take some measures to avoid them from happening and reverse the effects if you think they can appear at any time.

Vitamin C

vitamin c  is good for skin health

Vitamin C is considered essential for your skin health. It promotes and increases collagen production in your body, helps you maintain youthful and healthy skin; it also improves skin elasticity. Vitamin C enables you to avoid puffy eyes and keeps the skin under your eyes nourished and moisturized. It comes in many forms. You can either ingest or apply directly to your skin for quick results.

Sun Protection

Too much exposure to the sun can cause your skin to produce more melanin to protect your skin from the damage taken by the sun’s rays. It is an essential response that your body takes to protect you from UV rays that can cause cancer. To avoid getting damage from the sun and circles under your eyes, use Sunscreen with sufficient SPF for your region.

Proper Sleep

Sleep is the most important thing to consider to avoid getting dark circles that appear under your eyes. Most adults and teenagers’ humans require 6-8 hours of sleep to function and recover properly, but it depends on your level of activity and body needs. Track your sleep over a week or two to know more about your sleep schedule and the amount of sleep required to function correctly.

Proper Hydration

Ensure you drink enough water for your body to function correctly. Like sleep, it also depends on your activity level and body mass. Most adults require almost eight glasses or 2 liters of water to stay hydrated throughout the day. Some people cannot recognize the signs of dehydration when they appear. Lack of saliva and need to drink indicate that you need water. If you feel irritated or out of breath, some water might also help.

Activities that Help You Reduce Stress

Find an activity that helps you reduce your daily stress and pressure. These activities include meditation, gradual muscle relaxation techniques, or anything that enables you to unwind and leave the stresses behind. These activities show no immediate results, but you will see the difference in the long run.

Iron Supplements

Lack of iron in your body results in a new list of symptoms. Your blood hemoglobin requires iron to function correctly, and without it, your oxygen supply can be disrupted, or your organs get an improper oxygen supply. If your body is showing symptoms of iron deficiency, consider meeting a doctor to get tested and proper recommendations for iron supplements.

Cure; Steps to Take After Dark Circles that Appear

If you have dark circles that have appeared under your eyes, all of a sudden leaving you wondering why, consider assessing your activities in the past week to find out if you have done something that has caused them. Plus, the things required to stop dark circles from appearing are still required, with other remedies to cure your dark circles as fast as possible. Avoid food rich in sugar and salts.


Tea bags contain caffeine and antioxidants to help you reduce dark circles under your eyes. Caffeine constricts blood vessels and increases blood flow to the region, which can help with dark circles. Additionally, antioxidants eliminate the swelling and free radicals in the skin under your eyes. Soak the tea bags in warm water, and put them in the refrigerator for some time to cool. Take them out and under your eyes for 5 minutes each.

Cold Compress

Anything cold, like ice, frozen peas, or a metal spoon, might help you reduce your symptoms. Cold constricts your blood vessels and reduces inflammation, allowing more blood flow and oxygen supply. Put some ice cubes in a towel or tissue paper and apply under your eyes for 5 to 10 minutes for each eye. Remove them when cold becomes uncomfortable for you.


 If you must get rid of them immediately, you can use makeup to hide the dark circles under your eyes. You can use whatever suits you, but it is recommended concealer cancels out the color of your dark circles, like bright colors, including yellow and peach.

Medical Treatments

doctor draw a life line.

Medical treatments can also be used to get rid of the dark circles under your eyes. They shouldn’t be considered by people who have this condition once in a blue moon. If that is the case with you, it is usually caused by a lack of sleep or some other occasional activity. Use remedies like cold pressure, vitamin C, and makeup to treat this temporary condition.

For people who have ‘dark circle syndrome’. Please consult with a specialist before going through an intrusive and permanent process. It Is advised to look at all the benefits and potential harms that can happen if you decide to go through a certain procedure. Here are some medical treatments for you to research to determine what meets your needs.

  • Chemical Peels
  • Bleaching Agents
  • Laser Therapy
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma


Dark circles under your eyes are usually temporary and do not signify deeper complications. You can assume that they will happen from time to time depending upon your activities, lifestyle, or due to a period of depression in your life. It is best to treat them before they happen by taking proper preventative measures. If they have already happened, start with the preventative tips and then use makeup to conceal them and stay relaxed and hydrated until the circles go away and make a habit of them to stop them from happening again. If they happen again and again and remain, consult a specialist and consider medical treatment.

What are the main causes of dark circles under the eyes?

Dark circles under the eyes can be caused by various factors such as lack of sleep, dehydration, excessive sun exposure, genetics, stress, smoking, and certain medical conditions like iron deficiency or anemia.

How can I prevent dark circles from appearing?

To prevent dark circles, ensure you get an adequate amount of sleep, stay hydrated, protect your skin from sun damage, manage stress levels, avoid excessive drinking and smoking, and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to reduce the appearance of dark circles?

Yes, making lifestyle changes such as getting regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and smoking, managing stress, and practicing good skincare habits can help reduce the appearance of dark circles.

What are some natural remedies for treating dark circles?

Natural remedies for dark circles include applying cold compresses, using teabags, applying vitamin C serums or creams, getting enough sleep, staying hydrated, and reducing stress levels.

When should I consider medical treatments for dark circles?

If dark circles persist despite lifestyle changes and natural remedies, or if they are accompanied by other symptoms, it may be advisable to consult a dermatologist or healthcare professional for medical treatments such as chemical peels, bleaching agents, laser therapy, or platelet-rich plasma therapy.

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