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Skin Care Guide

Hyperpigmentation causes: Types and Causes of dermal illness(Updated 2024)

A girl has a problem of hyperpigmentation .

Hyperpigmentation is a skin health problem that seems awkward when a person suffers. However, a person affected by the disease comes to know when he sees dark patches on his skin, which is why this dermal illness’s second identity is dark spots. As the title reveals, we will discuss different hyperpigmentation causes in this blog and the reasons for their types. So, if you want to acquire information about this disease, keep reading the blog.

What is hyperpigmentation

Before we discuss hyperpigmentation causes, we find it better to have a light overview of this epidermal disorder. It is a common condition that comes in recognition after seeing the dark spots of some body parts while others are in their original hue. Talking about the causes, there are different reasons; extra melanin creates spots or patches that look brown, black, gray, red, or pink. Astonishingly, the infected are neither itchy nor painful but powerful enough to make people self-conscious. We have various home remedies for hyperpigmentation and treatments to help eliminate this problem. Moreover, you can also read it on our website.

Symptoms of hyperpigmentation

A girl face has symtoms of hyperpigmentation.

Symptoms include uneven skin tone, dark spots, and patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin. These pigmented areas commonly occur on the face, hands, and other sun-exposed areas. In some cases, hyperpigmentation can be accompanied by itching or discomfort. Melasma, age spots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are common types. Sun exposure, hormonal changes, and skin injuries contribute to its development. Seeking dermatological evaluation is crucial to accurately diagnose and determine the appropriate solution for hyperpigmentation, which may involve topical creams, laser therapies, or chemical peels to reduce the pigmentation and restore skin tone.

Types and hyperpigmentation causes

We have already discussed the types in one of our informational blogs about hyperpigmentation and provided you with the solutions for hyperpigmentation. Then, you must be thinking, when we have a solution to dark spots, then what the need of this blog is. Wait! Knowing about the disease and even the causes of it is essential because it helps you to stay away from any illness. So, see the hyperpigmentation causes and types here in the following passages.

Sun-induced Hyperpigmentation

Sun-induced Hyperpigmentation badly effect the girl skin.

Sun exposure is the leading cause of this type of hyperpigmentation. Prolonged exposure to UV rays triggers melanin production, leading to dark spots and uneven skin tone. It commonly affects areas like the face, hands, and shoulders, especially in individuals with lighter skin tones.

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

PIH occurs after skin inflammation due to acne, injuries, or skin conditions. When the skin heals, excess melanin is produced, causing dark spots. It disproportionately affects people with darker skin tones and can last months or years.


Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or birth control pill usage, contribute to Melasma. These changes stimulate melanocytes, commonly on the face, resulting in brown or gray patches. Sun exposure exacerbates melasma symptoms.

Age Spots (Liver Spots)

As people age, the skin’s ability to regulate melanin diminishes, leading to age spots. Accumulated sun exposure over the years is the primary factor causing these tiny, dark patches, commonly found on the face, hands, and arms.

Drug-induced Hyperpigmentation

Certain medications like chemotherapy drugs, anti-malarial, and hormonal treatments can cause hyperpigmentation as a side effect. These drugs may trigger an overproduction of melanin or induce skin inflammation, leading to dark patches.

Genetic Hyperpigmentation

Girl has Genetic Hyperpigmentation

Some individuals are genetically predisposed to developing hyperpigmentation. Their skin produces more melanin than others, making them more susceptible to dark spots and uneven skin tone, even with minimal sun exposure.

Periorbital Hyperpigmentation

Sleep deprivation, stress, and genetics contribute to dark circles around the eyes. Blood vessels beneath thin skin show through, and melanin accumulation causes a dark appearance.

Final opinion

In conclusion, hyperpigmentation is not a painful illness but can make a person self-conscious. There are various types of this epidermal illness. On the other hand, many factors are important in causing these diseases. Direct exposure to sunlight is one of the most common, so the recommendation is to cover the face and hands. We also recommend visiting the health care provider as a priority if you notice any indication of this bothering medical problem.

How do I get rid of hyperpigmentation?

Luckily, treatment for almost every disease is available in this advanced age. First, try to avoid the scenario that can become problematic for you. If you still become the victim, visit the consultant, and various remedies and treatments exist in the market to solve the issue.

What diseases play a role in hyperpigmentation?

Various diseases can cause hyperpigmentation. For instance, Melasma results in brown or grey on the face. Additionally, Addison’s disease can also lead to hyperpigmentation due to adrenal gland insufficiency. Moreover, hemochromatosis, a disorder resulting, also contributes to skin darkening but to skin darkening.

Are anti-biotech reasons for hyperpigmentation?

Skin darkening can happen due to the medicine alone or following sun exposure in individuals with drug-associated hyperpigmentation. One of the most frequent substances linked to drug-induced pigmentation is the tetracycline family and minocycline.

Does lack of sleep cause hyperpigmentation?

No sleeping habit can darken the skin at once, but it takes time, and dark circles days dark circles start to appear under the eyes.  

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